Every Linux distribution based on Debian uses Debian packages as a method for installing and uninstalling the software. Debian packages are identified by the file extension. They can be installed and uninstalled using graphical tools and the command line. Most of the time you use a package manager such as the Ubuntu Software CenterSynapticor Muon to install the software in Debian-based distributions.
If you prefer to use the command line, you are likely to use apt-get. Some applications aren't available in the repositories and have to be downloaded from the vendors' websites. Be careful about downloading and installing Debian packages from sources that do not exist in the distribution's repositories.
Some of the biggest applications are delivered in this format, including Google's Chrome web browser. The Apt package manager, the same one you use to update your system and install new packages from the Web, can also install packages locally on your system.Pop ceiling design catalogue 2019
On a Ubuntu-based distribution, double-click the. Then, click install. Linux Switching from Windows. Tweet Share Email. To use Apt, simply point it in the direction of whichever. Remove a Debian package using the following command:.
More from Lifewire.In this tutorial we will learn how to install local software packages. DEB in Debian and its derivatives such as Ubuntu and Linux Mint using three different command line tools and they are dpkgapt and gdebi. This is useful to those new users who have migrated from Windows to Ubuntu or Linux Mint. The very basic problem they face is installing local software on system. However, Ubuntu and Linux Mint has its own Graphical Software Center for easy software installation, but we will be looking forward to installing packages through terminal way.
Dpkg is a package manager for Debian and its derivatives such as Ubuntu and Linux Mint. It is used to install, build, remove and manage. To install a local package, use the dpkg command with the -i flag along with package name as shown. If you get any dependency errors while installing or after installing and launching a program, you can use the following apt command to resolve and install dependencies using the -f flag, which tells the program to fix broken dependencies.
To remove a package use -r option or if you want to remove all its files including configuration files, you can purge it using the --purge option as shown.
To know more about installed packages, read our article that shows how to list all files installed from a. The apt command is a advanced command-line tool, which offers new software package installation, existing software package upgradation, updating of the package list index, and even upgrading the whole Ubuntu or Linux Mint system. It also offers apt-get and apt-cache command-line tools for managing packages more interactively on Debian and its derivatives such as Ubuntu and Linux Mint systems.
Essentially, apt-get or apt do not understand. The only trick to installing a local Debian package using apt-get or apt is by specifying a local relative or absolute path. Install Local Package Using apt-get in Ubuntu. To remove a package use remove option or if you want to remove all its files including configuration files, you can purge it using the purge option as shown.
It resolves and installs package dependencies on the fly. To install a package, use the following command.
To remove a package installed from gdebiyou can use aptapt-get or dpkg commands using purge option as shown. In this tutorial, we have explained three different command line tools for installing or removing local Debian packages in Ubuntu and Linux Mint.
If you know any other way of installing local packages, do share with us using our comment section below. TecMint is the fastest growing and most trusted community site for any kind of Linux Articles, Guides and Books on the web. Millions of people visit TecMint!
If you like what you are reading, please consider buying us a coffee or 2 as a token of appreciation. We are thankful for your never ending support. Tags: apt command APT Tips commandline tools dpkg command. View all Posts. Aaron Kili is a Linux and F. S enthusiast, an upcoming Linux SysAdmin, web developer, and currently a content creator for TecMint who loves working with computers and strongly believes in sharing knowledge.
Ask Ubuntu is a question and answer site for Ubuntu users and developers. It only takes a minute to sign up. Packages are manually installed via the dpkg command Debian Package Management System. Lastly the dpkg command which is the base for all of them. If dpkg reports an error due to dependency problems, you can run sudo apt-get install -f to download the missing dependencies and configure everything.
If that reports an error, you'll have to sort out the dependencies yourself by following for example How do I resolve unmet dependencies after adding a PPA? For example if the package is called askubuntu then you should do sudo dpkg -r askubuntu. This is useful when you need to reconfigure something related to said package. Another great one is when you need to set the Timezone for a server or your local testing computer, so you use use the tzdata package:.
You can install any. These instructions are for those who wish to install packages from the command-line terminal Terminal.
To install a downloaded Debian Ubuntu package. I usually associate. One of the main feature of GDebi is it resolves dependencies and installs them.On the border w2
You can pipe the command to less a pager so you can more easily scroll the content:. And this will show the location where the package will be installed. Here -S capital S to search whether the package was installed or not. Here -R is recursive. Pass it the name s of a package or packages to reconfigure. It will ask configuration questions, much like when the package was first installed. This will reconfigure postfix the same way as when you installed it for the first time.
While dpkg -i indeed installs the package, it doesn't do any automatic dependency resolution, meanwhile there are two other alternatives, using gdebi, or the apt-get tool. To use the later just use:. Even if you are on the directory with the package you need to give a path using. A handy tip when installing a program like Libreoffice which has multiple.The extension of a DEB archive is. These days, most of the common software packages are available in the official package repository of the Linux distribution we are using.
I am going to use Ubuntu Of course you can install it with APT package manager very easily. But I will show you how to install the it from the DEB file.
Now open a Terminal in the same directory as your DEB file. As you can see, the DEB file is available in the directory. As you can see, the installation failed because the dependencies could not be resolved.
The DEB package apache2 depends on apache2-binapache2-utilsapache2-data none of which are installed. Now to resolve the dependencies, you have to install these packages first before you can install apache2 package. Luckily for us, the dependency packages are available in the official package repository of Ubuntu. So all we need to do is run the following command:.Tricone bits
As you can see, the APT package manager resolved all the dependencies automatically. In that case, you have to find the required DEB packages on the internet and install it using dpkg as well. You will also have to resolve any dependency these dependency packages will have as well. This gets harder and harder as dependency increases and is very impractical for DEB files that has many dependencies.
The dependencies should be automatically resolved if it is available in the Ubuntu package repository and the software should be installed.
If any dependency package is not available in the official package repository of Ubuntu or in any of the packages repositories you added through PPA, then the installation will fail. In that case, you will have to find and install the dependency packages manually as well. I was born in Bangladesh.
Different software of Linux used to be distributed as only source code many years ago. We had to compile the software from source in order to use it.This beginner article explains how to install deb packages in Ubuntu.
It also shows you how to remove those deb packages afterwards. This is another article in the Ubuntu beginner series. If you are absolutely new to Ubuntu, you might wonder about how to install applications. The easiest way is to use the Ubuntu Software Center. Search for an application by its name and install it from there.
Life would be too simple if you could find all the applications in the Software Center. But that does not happen, unfortunately. Some software are available via DEB packages. These are archived files that end with. You can think of.
You double click on the.
How to Install .deb Packages
DEB packages are pretty much the same. Now the question arises, how do you install deb files? There are multiple ways of installing DEB packages in Ubuntu. You can choose a GUI tool or a command line tool for installing a deb package. The choice is yours.
The simplest method is to use the default software center in Ubuntu. You have to do nothing special here. Simply go to the folder where you have downloaded the. It will open the software center and you should see the option to install the software. All you have to do is to hit the install button and enter your login password. Again, life would be a lot simpler if things always go smooth.
Now that you know that. What happens is that a program may be dependent on another piece of software libraries. The Software Center cannot handle such errors on its own so you have to use another tool called gdebi. It identifies the dependencies and tries to install these dependencies along with installing the. Personally, I prefer gdebi over software center for installing deb files.
It is a lightweight application so the installation seems quicker. You can read in detail about using gDebi and making it the default for installing DEB packages.
If you want to install deb packages in command lime, you can use either apt command or dpkg command. Apt command actually uses dpkg command underneath it but apt is more popular and easy to use. If you get a dependency error while installing the deb packages, you may use the following command to fix the dependency issues:.But there is a problem. You will have to manually download each DEB files and install it in order. But there is a solution to this problem which we will see in this section.Aalu ka bhav aaj ka
So, the package installation failed. As you can see, the dependency packages are marked for installation as these are available in the official package repository of Ubuntu. The advantage of installing a DEB package file with the APT package manager is that the APT package manager automatically downloads and installs all the required dependency packages for you.
3 Ways to Install Deb Files on Ubuntu Linux
To do that with the APT package manager, run the following command:. Like the APT package manager, Ubuntu Software Center will also download and install all the required dependency packages automatically. Once the Ubuntu Software Center is opened, click on the Install button as marked in the screenshot below.
The GDebi package manager also downloads and installs all the required dependency packages automatically. The GDebi package manager is not installed by default on Ubuntu. But, it is available in the official package repository of Ubuntu. You can easily install it using the APT package manager.
GDebi package manager should be installed. To do that, run the following command:. I was born in Bangladesh. The package files of Ubuntu have the extension.
On Ubuntu, there are many ways to install a DEB package file. In this article, I am going to show you how to install DEB packages on Ubuntu using different package managers.Home speakers
View all posts.Sometimes you may want to extract a deb package to check a piece of code or use some of its included files for debugging and other purposes. To extract all files from a deb package, you can run a command in following format:. Note that extracting files is not the same as installation of a deb package. The above command will install the standalone deb package only, without any dependencies.
To fix this, you will have to run a command to auto-install required dependencies. Otherwise your system may be left in a broken state. To fix the unmet dependency issue, run the command below:.
It automatically resolves dependencies as well, as long as they are available in official Ubuntu repositories requires network connection.
However, if you want to check if there are broken packages or not and fix them automatically, you can run the command mentioned above again:. To do so, run the following command:. Like gdebi, apt will automatically install all the required dependencies.
To confirm, run the command below:. They are useful if you are running and managing Ubuntu server edition or using Ubuntu without any desktop environment. I am a freelancer software developer and content writer who loves Linux, open source software and the free software community. I maintain a blog that lists new Android deals everyday. Nitesh Kumar I am a freelancer software developer and content writer who loves Linux, open source software and the free software community.
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